Installing Thunderbird on Ubuntu and Adding It to the Launcher and Dash


In this post I’ll show you how to install the latest 45.1.1 version (at the time of this writing) of the on 16.04. The post is devided into two parts. Each part contains a few easy to follow steps. Just keep reading and you’ll end up with a latest on your Ubuntu 16.04 🙂

Part 1: Installation

Step 1: Download

Down load Thunderbird from Mozilla Thunderbird page.

Step 2: Extract

Open terminal, change directory to where you’ve downloaded Thunderbird and run the following command to extract it.

tar -xjvf thunderbird-45.1.1.tar.bz2

Step 3: Move

Move extracted thunderbird directory to the /opt directory by running the following command:

sudo mv thunderbird /opt

Step 4: Create Symlink

Run the below given command to create a symlink (short cut in windows environment):

sudo ln -s /opt/thunderbird/thunderbird /usr/bin/thunderbird

Part 2: Adding  to Launcher

Step 5: Create ‘desktop’ File

Create a ‘desktop’ file named thunderbird.desktop. You are free to use whatever name for this file you want. Run following command to do so:

gedit ~/.local/share/applications/thunderbird.desktop

Step 6: Write in the ‘desktop’ File

Paste the following code in the thunderbird.desktop:

#!/usr/bin/env xdg-open

[Desktop Entry]
Type=Application
Name=Thunderbird
Comment=Thunderbird, An Email Hnadler
Icon=/usr/share/app-install/icons/thunderbird.png
Exec=/opt/thunderbird/thunderbird
Terminal=false
Categories=Emails

Step 7: Permissions

Now open the ‘~/.local/share/applications/’ in nautilus

Right click the thunderbird.desktop file and open properties

Check the ‘Execute’ check box from the Permissions tab.

Step 8: Use the Thunderbird

Now double click the thunderbird.desktop file.

It will open the Thunderbird. Now you can Lock it to Launcher and also search in Dash.

Enjoy using your latest Thunderbird release. 

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